Main Coffee Species: Arabica Coffee Vs. Robusta Coffee

arabica coffee, robusta coffee


The two main coffee species are Arabica coffee and Robusta coffee, responsible for about 60% and 40% of all world coffee production, respectively.

Arabica Coffee

Arabica coffee trees are planted at an altitude of 900-2000 metres, mostly in the South and Central American regions, with Brazil being the number one producer. Arabica coffee beans are green in colour and have a longer, oval shape. They are mostly picked by hand, because they often grow on mountains and its intrinsic quality justifies a careful harvest. Due to its sought-after fruity and floral notes, Arabica coffee commands a higher price than Robusta coffee. The best Arabica coffee is also known as specialty coffee / speciality coffee, gourmet coffee, or third wave coffee.

Robusta Coffee

Robusta coffee thrives at an altitude of 200-900 metres, in Central & West Africa, Southeast Asia, and in parts of South America. The main producing country is Vietnam. Robusta coffee beans are brown in colour and have a rounder shape. Their  caffeine content is roughly twice that of Arabica coffee beans. The best quality of Robusta coffee is its body, but its bitter, earthy flavour is less appreciated and for this reason is often mixed with Arabica coffee and sold as an espresso coffee blend.

Hayman's online coffee store offers only the very best and rarest Arabica coffee, which is brought to you as unroasted coffee beans (i.e. raw coffee beans for home roasting), roasted whole bean coffee, roasted ground coffee, Nespresso compatible pods*, and as coffee pods compatible with Keurig K Cup coffee makers (incl. Keurig 2.0 models)** - we ship worldwide, click here to order now!


* Nespresso® is a registered trademark of Société des Produits Nestlé S.A., unrelated to Hayman®. Our espresso pods are not created or sold by Nespresso®.

** Keurig and K-Cup are registered trademarks of Keurig Green Mountain, Inc. unrelated to Hayman®. Our pods are not created or sold by Keurig®.